# Math Facts at Home

flexibility,accuracy and efficiency# Building Fluency with Math Facts

Number fact fluency refers to the ability to think flexibly, accurately and efficiently with numbers. When students have strong number sense, we are able to see relationships between numbers and can manipulate numbers depending on the context. When students have fluency with addition, subtraction and then later, multiplication and division facts, they can use a variety of strategies and understand how to use these strategies to solve problems. Children develop fluency with number facts along a continuum of learning that starts with counting and representing number relationships and then the use efficient strategies. Students who can recall number facts but lack understanding, strategies or flexibility have not yet mastered number facts.

***This page will be updated regularly with new games and ideas for students to try at home.**

# Helping your child at home

# What facts does my child need to know?

Alberta Education and the Alberta Program of Studies outlines which facts students learn strategies for and which facts children need to recall at the end of each grade. It is important that students master the number fact expectations for their grade as these facts build upon each other. Research tells us when students have strong numerical fluency in allows them to transfer and apply this understanding when solving rich highly cognitive tasks. Remember, just because your child may be in a higher grade they will still benefit from continual practice of all number facts.

# Addition and Subtraction Games and Activities

###### Solvemoji

###### Snap it!

Work together to make different number combinations for a given number from youcubed.org. Use lego bricks at home!

###### Dotty Six

A game the encourages subitizing using dice and a tic tac toe board

**Number Fact War**

War is a game that you can adapt to practice all number facts. Using a deck of cards, students can practice comparing numbers or calculating sums and differences.

###### Tic Tac Toe Sums

This game is a great way to practice and build fluency facts with numbers to 12. As students develop new strategies they will begin to use subtraction. You will need to print/re-create the gameboard from youcubed.org.

###### What could it be?

What could go in the box? What would the total be each time? This game can be adapted for any number to 20 to build flexibility with inverse operations.

###### Totality

A game of strategy to practice counting on with addition. You will need to print/create a nrich.org’s game board. Once you have mastered the addition game, try starting with a two-digit number and work on subtracting the game numbers.

###### Eightness of eight

A great visual to think about representing numbers and whole part relationships. Can be used to help make any number to 20.

###### Race to 100

This game provides students an opportunity to practice addition and subtraction as they try to reach 100 on a number chart.

###### Strike it out

Strike it out offers an engaging context for practising addition and subtraction, but it also requires some strategic thinking. It is easily adaptable, and can be used co-operatively or competitively.

###### Dice Games

Easy family friendly dice games to build fluency with sums and differences.

# Multiplication and Division Games and Activities

###### Solvemoji

###### Factors and Multiples Game

An interactive or paper game exploring factors and multiples.

###### Double or Half

A dice game of strategy to make a target number by choosing to double or half

**Number Fact War**

War is a game that you can adapt to practice all number facts. Using a deck of cards, students can practice comparing numbers or calculating sums and differences.

###### Tic Tac Toe Products

This game is a great way to practice and build fluency facts with times tables. As students develop new strategies they will begin to use use known facts. You will need to print/re-create the gameboard from youcubed.org

###### Product Grids

Fill the grid using each of the numbers 1 to 9 to obtain the products shown.

###### How close to 100?

A game of strategy from to practice multiplication and division facts using arrays. You will need to print/create a oucubed.org game board or use graph paper. Encourage your child to write all four fact family equations in each array.

###### Blockout

A fun visual game of strategy. Roll the dice and shade in a rectangle. How can you claim the most space on the board? For 2-4 players.

###### Multiplication Grids

Interactive Puzzle Generator from maths bot. The digits 2-9 are placed somewhere in the table headings. Find all the missing numbers.

###### Dice Games Multiplication

Easy family friendly dice games to build fluency with products and quotients

###### Multiplication Tables - Matching Cards

Match equations and products on using this interactive tool. A great way to practice.

###### Wild Jack

A target number card game which encourages flexibility with all operations

# How does my child learn number facts?

Children develop fluency with number facts along a continuum of learning that starts with counting and representing number relationships and then the use efficient strategies. Below are two progression documents which can help you choose activities to help your child build fluency. Children need experiences with all parts of the learning progression to work flexibly, accurately and efficiently with number facts. The activities selected above are designed for purposeful practice and target specific points in the progression. Remember, all children learn these facts at different rates and speed in which children recall these facts is not important and the focus should be on the strategies they use.